What is the best climate for Mountain gorillas trekking is one of the commonest questions asked by people who intend to go gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda. Mountain gorillas are the largest gorilla subspecies and they are only found in the Albertine rift montane forest area and Virunga Mountain ranges of Africa specifically in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In Uganda, these endangered species thrive in Bwindi National Park and Mgahinga National Park in the southwestern side of the country; in Rwanda, they are found in Volcanoes National Park in the northwestern part and in the DR Congo, you can visit the Virunga National Park. Mountain gorillas live in mountainous areas in Africa with cool climate and altitudinal range of about 2400 to 4000 meters. Temperatures in these areas range from 10 to 23 degrees Celsius.
The Albertine rift montane forests and the Virunga Mountain ranges have the best climate for Mountain gorillas because they receive heavy rainfall throughout the year especially from March, April, May and mid September, October and November. Mountain gorillas have thicker fur that allows them survive in such high elevations where temperatures tends to drop below freezing. Because of this ability, these creatures are resilient to climate changes. However, other factors limit their ability to adapt for instance low reproductive rate, long generation time, human encroachment in their habitat and little genetic variation to mention but a few.
As climate change drives temperatures high and frequently causes drought in Africa, humans also continue encroaching gorilla habitats and this comes with a long negative impact especially when it comes to their survival in the wild. For instance, in northwestern Rwanda, residents from communities with limited water resources usually enter Volcanoes National Park to collect water. In the course of collecting water, others set traps targeting antelopes which at end trap mountain gorillas. The more people push deep into gorilla habitats, the more they are pushed into the mountains and in the long run, they are exposed to harsh temperatures.
Currently, there are fewer than 1004 mountain gorillas left in the world and only found in Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo. Their survival in the natural habitat still remains a major challenge and a lot more is needed to protect them. Because they have low productive rate, if they are not protected, their population can reduce drastically.
In summary, the best climate for Mountain gorillas is in the tropical rainforests of Africa specifically in Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo. To trek to see these beautiful creatures, don’t miss to pay a visit to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga; Volcanoes National Park and Virunga National Park.