Lake Mburo National park is located close to the highway that connects Kampala to the parks of western Uganda, it’s also the smallest of the national parks in Uganda and motivated by the past Precambrian metamorphic rocks that date back
more than 500 million years, it’s also home to over 350 bird species, impalas, zebras, eland, buffalo, Defassa, waterbuck, leopard, hippos, Hyenas, topi, and reedbuck as well as the Oribi.
Lake Mburo National park has got 13 other lakes with in the area, the lake also forms a 50km long wetland system linked by a swamp. Five of these lakes in the park’s borders. The park also contains lots of woodlands as there are no elephants to tame the vegetation. In the western park of the park, the savannah is scattered with the rocky ridges and the forested gorges while the patches of the papyrus swamp as well as the narrow bands of the lush riparian woodland line many lakes.
This park was gazetted in 1993 as a controlled Hunting Area and up graded into a game reserve in 1963. The Banyankole and the bahima people continued to graze their cattle with in the reserve until it was up graded to a national park in 1983. The range land just outside the park was afterward subdivided into small ranges and subsistence farming plots. In the 1985, the second Obote regime also fell and the past residents of Lake Mburo re occupied the park’s land, sending the park staff , destroying the infrastructure and routing wildlife.
The area is occupaied by the ferrallitic soils that are mainly sandy loams and sandy clay Loams.the Park also contains a wide variety of habitant types that give a high diversity of animals as well as plants for its size. The park also supports globally threatened species of birds and supports two of the cichlid fish species that have gone extinct in the main lakes and it’s the only system in Uganda were the impalas are found. The system also provides home to over 22 species of the Palaearctic and the Afro tropical migrant birds during the adverse conditions.
The national park s home to over 350 bird species as well as the impalas, eland, zebras, oribi, buffalos, Defassa waterbuck, hyenas, hippos, the reedbuck and the topis. The park also supports globally threatened species of birds including the Cichlid fish species. It also provides refugee to over 22 species of Palaearctic and the Afro tropical migrant birds during the adverse conditions, with the grasslands, wooded savannah, as well as the Acacia thicket.
The tourists can also visit the park at any time of the year though the conditions in the park are hard during the rainy season. The accommodation facilities available include; Mpogo Lodge, Arcadia cottages, Rwakobo Rock, Mburo safari Lodge, Eagle’s Nest, Rwonyo Campsite and many more
The main activities in this park include; game drives, boat trips, Nature walks, forest walks, sport fishing, bird watching, horse riding as well as quad biking.
The park is a source of water for domestic use, livestock as well as wildlife. The system is also a source of pasture for the local herds during droughts, a source of fish and source of materials for the crafts and Thatching. This national park location is near the Masaka Mbarara high way which makes it easy to be accessed from Kampala.
The park as got a tropical climate found in the ankole southern climatic zone. It lies in a rain shadow area between Lake Victoria and the Rwenzori Mountains. This park has also got two marked seasons , the rains and the dry seasons and also receives a bi modal low rainfall that ranges between 500 and 1000mm. the temperatures also range between 23- 25 degrees Celsius.