Bwindi Impenetrable Forest (331 kms) is situated in S Western part of Uganda, on the boundary of the Albertine Rift Valley, on an elevation array from 1.160 m to 2.607m. This is a genuine tropical rainforest, spread all over a series of steepest ridges and valleys. It is looked on one of the most biologically diverse woodlands in Africa. In the local language, “Bwindi” meaning “mubwindi” “dark place” referring to the impenetrable nature of the thick forest.
There are 11 species of primates, including chimpanzee, the monkey variants such as Hoest’s, red-tailed and blue monkey, black and white colobus, and olive baboon. Specially, Bwindi is home to 360 Gorilla gorilla beringei*, a half of the total remaining world population. There are 346 species of birds registered (Bwindi contains 90% of all Albertine Rift endemics, hard to experience in any other place in East Africa) and hundreds of butterflies. Mammals count only 30 (buffaloes, leopards, elephants).
The primary activity is “gorilla trekking” to the accustomed 4 families of Gorillas. Hiking trails are open to people to sight birds, butterflies, and primates, trees (along the Munyaga, Waterfall, Rushura, River Ivi and Bamboo zone trials). Specially recommended for bird watchers are the River Ivi and Mu Bwindi swamp nature walks. There is also cultural walk to Buhoma village community, to see the traditional homestead, the local healer, the banana brewing, handicraft and cultural performance.