In the year 1932, the two blocks of the forest were designated as crown forest reserves. The northern block was selected as the Kayonza crown Forest Reserve and the southern block selected as Kasatora crown Forest reserve. The reserve was reanmed as impenetrable central crown forest. The new area covered an area of about 298 sq kilometres and was under the control of the government of Uganda.in 1964, the reserve was named as an animal sanctuary to protect the mountain gorillas. In 1991, the park along with Mgahinga Gorilla reserve as well as the Rwenzori Mountains Reserve was named a national park and renamed Bwindi impenetrable national park. It also covered an area of 330 sq km. this national park was also avowed in part to give protection to many species especially the mountain gorillas. In 993, the park became so popular and in 1994, it was named the World Heritage List and a 10 sq km area was also done into the park. It’s also managed by Uganda Wildlife Authority.
This national park also lies in south western Uganda on the edge of the rift valley. The park is mist covered hillside and are obscured by one of Uganda’s oldest and most diverse rain forests that dates back over 25,000 years and has got over 400 species of plants. This is half of the world’s population including the habituated groups that are tracked by the tourists. This region also provides shelter to over 120 mammals including many primates like the baboons, and the chimps as well as the antelopes, elephants. There are over 350 bird species including the 23 Albertine Rift endemics. There are also the towns of Buhoma and Nkuringo and these have got luxry lodges, budget campsites, rustic bandas as well as restaurants, the guiding services and the craft stalls.
Bwindi impenetrable National park is located in south western Uganda and covers an area of 331 sq km , its bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo in the western side of the park. It’s located at the edge of the western rift valley in the highest parts of Kigezi highlands
The topography of this national park is very rugged with the narrow valleys that are intersected by the rivers and the steep hills. The park altitudes range from 1,190 to 2,607m above sea level, with 60% of the park having an elevation of over 2,000 metres above sea level.
Bwindi forest has got a tropical climate with the annual mean temperature that ranges from a minimum of 7-15 degrees celicius to maximum of 20 to 27 degrees celicius. The annual rainfall here ranges from, 400 to 1,900 millimetres. The peak rainfall also occurs in March to April and from September to November and the forest also plays an important role in regulating the outside area’s environment and the climate.
This national park is famous due to over 400 mountain gorillas, which is half of the world’s population of the endangered mountain gorillas, even though it’s also home to chimpanzees, birds as well as colobus monkeys. This afromontane forest is also home to one of the richest ecosystem in Africa as well as the diversity of species which is an attribute to the park. It has got over 120 species of mammals and 10 of these are primates and more of 45 are small mammal species, 220 butterfly species, 348 bird species, 27 frog species, geckos, chameleons, and many more. With fauna varieties, the park has got 1000 flowering plant species including 163 species of trees and 104 fern species. This national park became a UNESCO World Heritage site due to its ecological importance and the park has got a large variation of altitude as well as habitat type which supports variety of species of trees, butterflies, reptiles, birds, small mammals as well as the moths.
The tourists can also visit this national park any time throughout the year, even though the conditions in his park are a bit difficult during the rainy season. The available accommodation facilities found in this national park include; Chameleon hill lodge, Gorilla safari lodge, clouds Mountain gorilla lodge, and all these are found in the southern sector , on the side of Ruhija sector, there is Gorilla mist camp and Ruhija Gorilla Lodge, the buhoma sector , we have Gorilla forest camp, Buhoma lodge, Volcanoes Bwindi lodge, Egagi lodge, Gorilla resort , Mahogany as well as Silver back lodge. There are also many budget options including Buhoma community rest camp.
The park is in a remote location and reaching the park involves a long difficult journey. The roads are in bad condition. However, if you are driving to the southern Bwindi , the road from Kampala to Kisoro is all well paved and first class. The only bad section of the road is only 35kms to the forest. Gorilla trekking is the park’s main tourist attraction and tourists are wishing to track gorillas must first obtain a permit to do so. The permits are bought from Uganda Wildlife Authority.